This course explores the theories of criminal punishment, the criminal sentencing process, and contemporary issues in sentencing. Students first will analyze the traditional justifications for criminal punishment: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. With this philosophical foundation in place, students will then participate in sentencing exercises. In particular, students will simulate the sentencing process by taking turns drafting pre-sentence reports, acting as prosecution, and serving as defense counsel in weekly cases. These cases will be drawn from actual criminal matters and will span various criminal contexts, including drugs, homicide, and fraud. As a part of these simulations, students will learn to apply the federal Sentencing Guidelines and will debate whether the sentences advised under the Guidelines are consistent with the underlying purposes of criminal punishment. The semester closes with discussions of systemic sentencing issues, such as racial disparities in the criminal justice system.