Professor Antoinette Sedillo Lopez

Contact Information

Ph.: 505-277-8662
Fax: 505-277-1597
Office: 3239

Antoinette Sedillo Lopez

Emeritus Professor of Law
B.U.S. 1979, University of New Mexico
J.D. 1982, University of California, Los Angeles
Member of the District of Columbia and New Mexico Bars

SSRN

Profile

Antoinette Sedillo Lopez contributes an eclectic voice to the UNM law faculty.

In addition to leading the school's clinical programs, she participated in the development of the book, Best Practices for Legal Education, written by Roy Stuckey and others and published by CLEA. She is also a contributing author to the Best Practices for Legal Education Blog.

She is series editor for Latino Communities: Emerging Voices-Political, Social, Cultural and Legal Issues (1998) and has been editor for another series, entitled, Latinos in the United States: History, Law and Perspective. She also has published poetry in literary magazines.

A New Mexico native, Professor Sedillo Lopez joined the UNM law faculty in 1986 after clerking for the District of Columbia Circuit Court and working in private practice.

She has taught a broad range of courses, from land use, civil procedure and professional responsibility to comparative law. She alternated teaching an academic course with a clinical course until 2001, when she became director of the law school's clinical programs.

A key clinical project has been the UNM Access to Justice Practitioner Network, a group of lawyers willing to offer pro bono and reduced-fee services to under-served clients that the clinic is unable to help. She also is working with the UNM School of Medicine on ways to improve the way lawyers and physicians process domestic violence cases.

In 1996, she took a semester off to run the Clinton-Gore re-election campaign in New Mexico, after which she taught election law at both the UNM law school and the University of Utah.

She has published nationally on a broad range of topics, including international child abduction, family law, Navajo marriage, clinical legal education, Spanish/ English legal dictionaries, international advocacy on women’s right and legal education. She has spoken on topics in her areas of expertise to regional, national and international audiences.

She is president of the Board of Directors of Enlace Comunitario and a member of the Board of the Southwest Women's Law Center and the Valley Improvement Association.

Courses

Advanced Clinic

Advanced Clinic

Advanced Clinic is by invitation only.

Alternative Dispute Resolution Externship

Alternative Dispute Resolution Externship (ADR)

Prerequisite: Completion of first year curriculum.

The Alternative Dispute Resolution [ADR] extern program places students as dispute resolvers or assistants in dispute resolution organizations dealing with mediation, arbitration, facilitation, and summary jury trials.

While working with their supervising attorney, judge or ADR facilitator, students have the opportunity to gain valuable practical skills in a real world setting. The ADR Extern program is intended to supplement and complement the knowledge and experience students receive in the Law Practice Clinic and in their other law school courses. In the extern program, students have the opportunity, under close supervision, to confront actual legal problems and to analyze and explore the various roles that lawyers, judges or legal institutions play in the ever-expanding role of alternative dispute resolution. In their placements, students have the opportunity to interview and work with clients, negotiate with lawyers and others, and generally to perform and learn the various tasks and skills necessary to help a particular client or situation resolve it’s legal problems.

The ADR supervisor, with whom a student is placed, is expected to provide students with training in skills regarding the aspects of mediation, arbitration, and facilitation and summary jury trials. Students are expected to master a significant body of substantive and procedural law relative to the legal problems that they confront. Whenever ethical issues arise, the ADR supervisor is expected to explore these issues in depth with the student.

ADR extern placements are most successful when students are given as much professional responsibility for decision-making and interaction with the clients as possible and when the supervision is active and close, but not so directive as to interfere with the student's ability to exercise personal professional responsibility. The ADR supervisor should be involved in every aspect of the student's work. The ADR supervisor should be prepared to provide constructive critiques, encourage growth and development, and, if necessary, protect clients and the public from the mistakes that can be made by student lawyers. The ADR’s supervision comes before, during, and after the student works on a problem. For example, if a case is to be resolved or mediated by the student, the student presents a negotiation plan to their ADR supervisor before the negotiation, which is then followed by a post-negotiation review and critique by the ADR Supervisor.

Supervision Under Rules Governing Student Practice
Students enrolled in the Alternative Dispute Resolution Extern Program are governed by N.M.R. Civ. Pro. 1-094 and Rule 83.11 of the Local Rules for the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico. Students are required to conduct themselves at all times within the spirit and meaning of the Rules of Professional Conduct. ADR supervisors must be sure that students understand and follow these rules.

Under these rules, students are granted the privilege to practice law while under the supervision of a properly licensed attorney designated by the Dean of the Law School and while the student is currently enrolled in the Law School clinical program. A lawyer other than the lawyer designated by the Law School as the student's supervisor is permitted to supervise the student only with the prior permission of the Law School.
N.M.R. Civ. Pro. 1-094 provides:

1-094. Clinical Education.

A. Purpose. To permit a clinical program for the University of New Mexico School of Law.
B. Procedure. Any law student admitted to the clinical program at the University of New Mexico School of Law shall be authorized under the control and direction of the Dean of the Law School to advise persons and to negotiate and to appear before the courts and administrative agencies of this State, in civil and criminal matters, under the active supervision of a member of the State Bar of New Mexico designated by the Dean of the Law School. Such supervision shall include assignment of all matters, review and examination of all documents, and signing of all pleadings prepared by the student. The supervising lawyer need not be present while a student is advising a client or negotiating, but shall be present during court appearances. Each student in the program may appear in a given court with the written approval of the judge presiding over the case and shall file in the court a copy of the order granting approval. The Law School shall report annually to the Supreme Court.
C. Eligible Students. Any full-time student in good academic standing in the University of New Mexico School of Law who has received a passing grade in Law School courses, and have completed their first full year of twenty nine (29) or more semester hours (or their equivalent), but who has not graduated, shall be eligible to participate in a clinical program if he/she meets the academic and moral standards established by the Dean of the School of Law.
D. Effective Date. This Rule shall be effective after May 15, 1970. [As amended, effective May 1, 1986, January 1, 1995; November 24, 1997].

D.N.M.LR-Cv 83.11 provides:

83.11 Clinical Law Student Practice. Any law student admitted to the clinical program at the University of New Mexico School of Law shall be authorized under the control and direction of the Dean of the Law School to advise persons and to negotiate and to appear before this Court in civil and criminal matters under the active supervision of a member of the bar of the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico, designated by the dean of the University of New Mexico School of Law. Such supervision shall include assignment of all matters, review and examination of all documents and signing of all pleadings prepared by the student. Before a student appears in court, an order authorizing the student's appearance shall be of record.

Effective Date. July 27, 1992.

Students and ADR supervisors participating in the program are responsible for insuring that the supervisory requirements of these Rules are followed.

The Law School requires law students enrolled in clinical courses to fully disclose to all persons with whom they deal that they are clinical law students and not licensed attorneys. A law student without the prior consent of the ADR supervisor should represent no client or organization.

Placements
Placements are made with practicing lawyers, judges and agencies in the State of New Mexico. The ADR supervisor may be in private practice, in the judicial domain or working with a public agency, such as, the Court Clinic, Victim Offender Mediation, Family Court or the Western Network.

All placements are made by the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs in consultation with the Dean of the Law School and the ADR supervisor with whom a placement is sought. Students and ADR supervisors are permitted to request placements, but no placement is final until approved by the Law School. Placements are made to promote the student's overall educational program and goals. No student may be placed under the supervision of a relative.

A student is not permitted to repeat an ADR externship without the written consent of the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. A student may petition the Associate Dean for permission to repeat an ADR externship based on a showing of substantial educational value.

Compensation
Students are not permitted to be paid for the hours they work in the ADR Extern Program. Students receive three credit hours for successfully completing an ADR externship. The credit hours earned in the externship count toward the hours required to graduate from Law School, but they do not count toward the Law School clinical course requirement of six credit hours earned in an "in house" clinical course.

If funding is available, students may be compensated for extraordinary travel or living expenses while traveling for their extern placement. If a student works extra hours over and above those required for extern credit, and the law student has arranged in advance to be paid for these hours, pay is permitted. Pay in this circumstance must be the prior written approval of the Director of the Clinical Law Program. The student must keep carefully written records of all time worked for pay and for Law School credit to substantiate the fact that pay is not being accepted for time allotted to the clinical extern requirement.

Prerequisites
Mediation Training or Alternative Dispute Resolution classes are required in order to complete an ADR externship. Please check with the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs regarding waiver of any prerequisites prior to course registration.

Clinical Enrollment and Law School Registration
Students must enroll for the ADR Extern Program during the sign up period designated by the Director of the Clinical Law Program. Placements with a specific ADR lawyer, judge or facilitator should be finalized during the first week of the semester. The Law Clinic regularly receives inquiries regarding possible placements with law firms, government agencies, and the courts. Students desiring assistance in securing a placement or discussing a particular placement should speak to the Externship Coordinator or the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs.

The enrollment for the ADR Extern Program does not constitute registration for the course with the University of New Mexico Registrar's Office. Registration and tuition payments are handled on central campus in the same manner as for all Law School courses. Questions regarding registration and tuition should be directed to the Law School Registrar.

Office Hours and Class
During the Fall or Spring semesters, students are required to work twelve (12) hours each week, for fourteen (14) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 168 hours to earn 3 credits. Students are required to work eight (8) hours each week, for fourteen (14) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 112 hours to earn 2 credits.

In the Summer semester, students work sixteen (16) hours each week, for ten (10) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 160 hours to earn 3 credits. Students are required to work a total of 104 hours in their extern placement to earn 2 credits.

A set schedule of office hours must be arranged with a student's assigned ADR supervisor during the first week of the semester. The hours are to be set during the ADR supervisor’s usual office working hours. A copy of the schedule is delivered to the lawyer and to the Director of the Clinical Law Program.

The actual hours worked by the student generally conform to the scheduled office hours. With the permission of the ADR supervisor, some flexibility is allowed to accommodate special circumstances, such as, illness or opportunity to engage in a particularly exciting educational experience outside of the regularly scheduled hours. A student is not allowed to accumulate hours for the purpose of working fewer weeks. Exposure to the ADR extern experience over the course of a full semester is an essential component of the overall educational program.

During the fall and spring semester, the beginning and end of the office hour’s period will run a total length of fourteen weeks. Students are required to maintain the assigned office hours beginning in the second week of the semester. Office hours are to be kept until the last day of classes at the Law School.

During the summer semester, the beginning and end of the office hour’s period will run a total length of ten weeks. Students are required to maintain the assigned office hours beginning the first week of the semester. Office hours are to be kept until the last day of classes at the Law School.

If a student fails to keep office hours as required, the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs must be informed immediately by the ADR supervisor and the student. Any change in office hours or in completion of the externship program should be coordinated with the ADR supervisor and the Externship Coordinator.

The Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs will arrange class sessions to be held during the semester. Please check the Clinic web calendar for days, times and room assignment. Attendance of the classes is mandatory, and the hours spent in these classes count as part of the weekly office hour’s requirement.

Withdrawing From the Externship Program
Students are not permitted to withdraw from the ADR Extern Program after the third week of the semester without the permission of the Director of the Clinical Law Program. This requirement is to prevent possible harm to the ADR cases or to the working environment of the office or judicial chambers. Students desiring to withdraw from this course should first speak to their ADR supervisor.

Activity Reports and Confidentiality
Every two weeks, students must submit activity reports to the Externship Coordinator. These reports account for the manner in which a student is spending his or her time in the extern placement. The reports must be sufficiently detailed to present a clear description of what activities the student has been pursuing and what the student is learning. The reports must contain the date of the student activity, a description of the activity, and the total amount of time expended on each day's activities. It is essential to the ADR Extern Program that the ADR supervisor feels free to communicate with the law student extern. Confidentiality of these communications must be assured. Students are strictly cautioned against breaching confidences and can be disciplined by the Law School for a breach of a confidential relationship. Discipline may include dropping the student from the extern course with a failing grade. In order to insure that confidences are not breached, the student extern and the student’s supervisor must sign all activity reports submitted to the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. Activity reports may be submitted on the Clinic's activity report form, copies of which are available in the Clinic at the Law School.

Final Paper and Placement Evaluations
The ADR extern experience is enhanced by the student's self-reflection on his or her learning. To encourage self-reflection and to provide focus to the educational experience, students in the ADR Extern Program are required to submit a paper to the Externship Coordinator, copied to their ADR supervisor, which describes in detail one or more aspects of their learning experience. The paper should focus, in depth, on insights into the ADR process or the student's own skill or knowledge development in the context of his or her learning experience.

The paper is due no later than the last day of required office hours. There is no specific length limitation, but it is expected that most papers will range from seven to ten pages.

Course Credit and Grading
Law students receive three Law School credit hours for their work in the ADR Extern Program. The course is graded credit/non-credit, C-, D+, D, D-, or F. Whether credit is to be given is determined by the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs, based on the activity reports, the final paper, and a final evaluation from the supervising lawyer. A failure of the student to submit timely activity reports or the final paper will result in the reduction of the grade or a denial of credit.

Final Evaluation by the ADR Supervisor
At the end of the semester, the ADR supervisor must submit a final evaluation of the student's work to the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. The final evaluation is done on a form supplied by the Clinic. The Extern Program Coordinator shortly before the completion of the semester will provide a copy of this form to the ADR supervisor.

Conclusion
This description of the ADR Extern Program is designed to anticipate common questions students and supervisors may have about the extern program. If questions or problems arise during the semester, do not hesitate to call the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs.

If a student falls significantly behind in meeting the requirements of the course, it is important that the student and Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs be informed immediately. This helps to prevent misunderstandings, which may arise after the semester is concluded.

The School of Law believes that placing the students in an ADR environment is a significant and valuable part of the educational program. We welcome suggestions for improvement from anyone interested in the program.

Bioethics

Bioethics

Through a series of readings derived from law, medicine, public policy, and other disciplines, and through student papers, the class will explore health care reform, health care decision-making, the "right to die," assisted suicide and euthanasia, nonstandard reproduction and reproductive rights, potential fetal-maternal conflict, the human genome project and the use of genetic information, research involving human subjects, and ethics committees.

Civil Procedure I

Civil Procedure I

Civil Procedure I is an introduction to procedures employed by state and federal courts for resolution of civil disputes. The course will investigate the process of forum selection, the pleadings stage of litigation, the discovery process, and the summary judgment mechanism as a device for terminating litigation prior to trial. In addition, the course will investigate alternatives to traditional civil litigation such as arbitration and mediation.

Economic Development Clinic (Business & Tax)

Business and Tax Clinic

Pre-requisite: Completion of first year curriculum. Pre- or co-requisite: Ethics.
Preference: Completion of Federal Income Tax and any Business Law courses.

Summer 2013--Prof. Nathalie Martin, Prof. Grace Allison
Fall 2013--Prof. James Butler, Prof. Mary Pareja
Spring 2014--Prof. James Butler, Prof. Mary Pareja

This clinic section is part of the law school's Economic Development program.  Although specific types of client matters cannot be guaranteed, the Business and Tax Clinic will emphasize the following:

  • student representation of low-income taxpayers in disputes before the IRS and the New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department, including Tax Court litigation, audit defense, and collections matters;
  • assistance to startup and established nonprofit organizations seeking IRS recognition of tax-exempt status and other operational assistance;
  • support of community-based efforts to promote economic development; and
  • legal services to low-income, small-business clients who cannot afford to hire a lawyer.

Small-business cases will likely include the following:

  • giving advice on the choice and formation of business entities;
  • drafting organizational documents;
  • reviewing and drafting leases, purchase and licensing arrangements and other contracts; and
  • resolving business disputes.

Cases and instruction will also include matters of personal interest to a new lawyer seeking to open his or her own practice.  We strive to provide a broad-spectrum experience, including pure transactional practice (small business startup, contract drafting), dispute resolution (IRS controversy, small case business controversies) and consumer protection (bankruptcy, foreclosure defense and consumer credit dispute resolution).  

Clients of the law school’s Clinical Law Program include individuals and organizations that have multiple legal and non-legal needs and objectives.  Students of the Business and Tax Clinic often collaborate with students of the Community Lawyering Clinic or Southwest Indian Law Clinic in providing services to these clients.

Students will be required (1) to attend and actively participate in up to five classroom sessions (ten during summer’s first three weeks) during each week of the academic semester and (2) to maintain, in addition to classroom hours, a schedule of 24 (2-hours block) fixed office hours (physically present in the clinic, working on clinic matters) each week during Summer, or 16 (2-hours block) fixed office hours each week during Fall and Spring semesters.

Students having specific questions about the Business and Tax Clinic are encouraged to visit with Profs. Allison, Butler, Martin, or Pareja.

Ethics

Ethics

We will study the rules governing the professional conduct of lawyers and explore the values of the legal system which justify and explain those rules. Specific subject matter includes: the duties of competence, confidentiality, and loyalty; acquisition and retention of clients (including undertaking representation, advertising, solicitation, and withdrawal from representation); and problems concerning the manner of representation (the "Principle of Professionalism" and "zealous advocacy within the bounds of the law").

Family Law I

Family Law I

Course coverage emphasizes the creation of families by formal marriage and unmarried cohabitation, the legal aspects of ongoing relationships, and the dissolution of those relationships. Considerable emphasis is placed on the economic aspects of divorce (property division, spousal support, and child support), the enforcement of divorce decrees and agreements, and jurisdictional questions. New Mexico law is compared and contrasted to general legal principles.

International & Comparative Family Law

International & Comparative Family Law

How a legal system responds to the creation, dissolution and regulation of the family says a great deal about cultural difference. Increasingly, international frameworks are being developed to help address issues of child abduction, child support and adoption. This course will examine how international accords affect traditional family law issues. It will also compare how some countries address family law issues, such as marriage, divorce, custody, adoption, abortion, surrogacy and child welfare. Special emphasis will be given to U.S./Mexico cross-border family law issues.

Judicial Externship

Judicial Externship

Prerequisite: Completion of first year curriculum.

The Judicial Extern Program provides law students with a candid first hand experience in the judicial decision-making process. This is accomplished by placing students in a judge or justice's office for a specified number of hours each week to work directly with the judge in daily decision-making tasks.

Judges with whom students are placed are encouraged to maximize the educational experience by granting students access to events in the courtroom and in the judge's chambers. The judge should take time to explain his or her decision to the student and answer any questions. All facets of the judicial decision-making process should be open to discussion, including a candid critique of the quality of the presentations made by lawyers appearing before the judge. The judge should make an effort to introduce the student to other aspects of the daily working life of a judge which may influence the decision-making process, e.g., the judge's relationship to the clerk's office and other courthouse employees, the judge's administrative responsibilities for docket control, the judge's participation in judge's meetings, and the making and enforcement of courthouse policies and procedures.

Judges are encouraged to assign to the law student specific hands-on-tasks which will aid the student in becoming involved in the judicial decision-making process. These tasks may include such activities as summarizing case files, legal research, and document drafting. Judges should keep in mind that the quality of the educational experience for the law student is enhanced by both the depth and breadth of the tasks assigned. Judges are discouraged from overburdening the law student with research at the expense of a full exposure to judicial decision-making. No single task or narrow set of tasks should become the exclusive experience for the judicial extern and should not be assigned at the expense of the student's opportunity to observe and discuss the judge's daily decision-making. A judge may broaden and enrich a student's experience by occasionally requiring the student to observe or work with another judge.

Supervision Under Rules Governing Student Practice
Students enrolled in the Judicial Extern Program are governed by N.M.R. Civ. Pro. 1-094 and Rule 83.11 of the Local Rules for the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico. Students are required to conduct themselves at all times within the spirit and meaning of the Rules of Professional Conduct. Judicial supervisors must be sure that students understand and follow these rules.

Under these rules, students are granted the privilege to practice law while under the supervision of a properly licensed attorney designated by the Dean of the Law School and while the student is currently enrolled in the Law School clinical program. A lawyer other than the lawyer designated by the Law School as the student's supervisor is permitted to supervise the student only with the prior permission of the Law School.

N.M.R. Civ. Pro. 1-094 provides:

1-094. Clinical Education.

A. Purpose. To permit a clinical program for the University of New Mexico School of Law.
B. Procedure. Any law student admitted to the clinical program at the University of New Mexico School of Law shall be authorized under the control and direction of the Dean of the Law School to advise persons and to negotiate and to appear before the courts and administrative agencies of this State, in civil and criminal matters, under the active supervision of a member of the State Bar of New Mexico designated by the Dean of the Law School. Such supervision shall include assignment of all matters, review and examination of all documents, and signing of all pleadings prepared by the student. The supervising lawyer need not be present while a student is advising a client or negotiating but shall be present during court appearances. Each student in the program may appear in a given court with the written approval of the judge presiding over the case and shall file in the court a copy of the order granting approval. The Law School shall report annually to the Supreme Court.
C. Eligible Students. Any full-time student in good academic standing in the University of New Mexico School of Law who has received a passing grade in Law School courses, and have completed their first full year of twenty nine (29) or more semester hours (or their equivalent), but who has not graduated, shall be eligible to participate in a clinical program if he/she meets the academic and moral standards established by the Dean of the School of Law.
D. Effective Date. This Rule shall be effective after May 15, 1970. [As amended, effective May 1, 1986, January 1, 1995; November 24, 1997].

D.N.M.LR-Cv 83.11 provides:

83.11 Clinical Law Student Practice. Any law student admitted to the clinical program at the University of New Mexico School of Law shall be authorized under the control and direction of the Dean of the Law School to advise persons and to negotiate and to appear before this Court in civil and criminal matters under the active supervision of a member of the bar of the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico, designated by the dean of the University of New Mexico School of Law. Such supervision shall include assignment of all matters, review and examination of all documents and signing of all pleadings prepared by the student. Before a student appears in court, an order authorizing the student's appearance shall be of record.

Effective Date. July 27, 1992.

Placements
Placements may be made with any New Mexico State Court Judge, including Metropolitan Court, District Court (general, family, or children's divisions), Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court Justices. Placements may also be made with U.S. District Court Judges, U.S. Magistrates, and U.S. Bankruptcy Court Judges and any Tribal Judge. Placements are made only with judges or justices who have expressed interest in supervising a judicial extern.

All placements are made by the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs in consultation with the Dean of the Law School and the judge or justice with whom a placement is sought. Students and judges are permitted to suggest placements, but no placement is final unless approved by the Law School. Placements are made to promote the student's overall educational program and goals. No student may be placed under the supervision of a relative.

A student is not permitted to repeat a judicial externship with the same judge without the written consent of the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. A student may petition the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs for permission to repeat a judicial externship based on a showing of substantial educational value.

Compensation
Students are not permitted to be paid for the hours they work in the Judicial Extern Program. Students receive three credit hours for successfully completing a judicial externship. The credit hours earned in the externship count toward the hours required to graduate from Law School, but they do not count toward the Law School clinical course requirement of six credit hours earned in an "in house" clinical course.

If funding is available, students may be compensated for extraordinary travel or living expenses incurred in connection with the extern placement. If a student works extra hours over and above those required for extern credit and the law student has arranged in advance to be paid for these hours, than pay is permitted. Pay in this circumstance must have the prior written approval of the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. The student must keep carefully written records of all time worked for pay and for Law School credit to substantiate the fact that pay is not being accepted for time allotted to the clinical extern requirement.

Clinical Enrollment and Law School Registration
Students must enroll for the Judicial Extern Program during the sign up period designated by the Director of the Clinical Law Programs. Placements with a specific judge or justice will be finalized during the first two weeks of the semester. The Externship Programs regularly receives inquiries regarding possible placements with law firms, government agencies, and the courts. Students desiring assistance insuring a placement or discussing a particular placement should speak to the Externship Coordinator or the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs.

The enrollment for the Judicial Extern Program does not constitute registration for the course with the University of New Mexico Registrar's Office. Registration and tuition payments are handled on main campus in the same manner as for all Law School courses. Questions regarding registration and tuition should be directed to the Law School Registrar.

Office Hours and Class
During the Fall or Spring semesters, students are required to work twelve (12) hours each week, for fourteen (14) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 168 hours to earn 3 credits. Students are required to work eight (8) hours each week, for fourteen (14) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 112 hours to earn 2 credits.

In the Summer semester, students work sixteen (16) hours each week, for ten (10) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 160 hours to earn 3 credits. Students are required to work a total of 104 hours in their extern placement to earn 2 credits.

A set schedule of office hours must be arranged with a student's assigned judge or justice during the first week of the semester. The hours are to be set during the usual working hours of the judge or justice. A copy of the schedule is delivered to the judge and to the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs.

The actual hours worked by the student should generally conform to the scheduled office hours. With the permission of the supervising judge or justice, some flexibility is allowed to accommodate special circumstances, such as, illness or opportunity to engage in a particularly exciting educational experience outside of regularly scheduled hours. A student is not allowed to accumulate hours for the purpose of working fewer weeks. Exposure to the judicial extern experience over the course of a full semester is an essential component of the overall educational program.

During the fall and spring semester, the beginning and end of the office hour’s period will run a total length of fourteen weeks. Students are required to maintain the assigned office hours beginning in the second week of the semester. Office hours are to be kept until the last day of classes at the Law School.

During the summer semester, the beginning and end of the office hour’s period will run a total length of ten weeks. Students are required to maintain the assigned office hours beginning the first week of the semester. Office hours are to be kept until the last day of classes at the Law School.

If a student fails to keep office hours as required, the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs must be informed immediately by the supervising judge or justice and the student. Any change in office hours or in completion of the externship program should be coordinated with the supervising judge or justice and the externship coordinator.

The Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs will arrange class sessions to be held during the semester. Please check the Clinic web calendar for days, times and room assignment. Attendance of the classes is mandatory, and the hours spent in these classes count as part of the weekly office hour’s requirement.

Withdrawing From the Externship Program
Students are not permitted to drop the Judicial Extern Program after the third week of the semester without the permission of the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. This requirement is to prevent possible harm to the working environment of a judge's office which may make plans on the assumption that a law student may be present for a specific period of time to provide needed help. Students desiring to withdraw from this course should first speak to their supervising judge or justice. Please confirm your intention to withdraw in writing with your supervising judge or justice and provide a copy to the externship coordinator.

Activity Reports and Confidentiality
Every two weeks, students must submit activity reports to the Externship Coordinator. These reports account for the manner in which a student is spending his or her time in the extern placement. The reports must be sufficiently detailed to present a clear picture of what activities the student has been pursuing and what the student is learning. The report must contain the date of the student's activities, a description of the activities, and the total time expended on each day's activities. It is essential to the Judicial Extern Program that the judge feel free to communicate with the law student. Confidentiality of these communications must be assured. Students are strictly cautioned against breaching confidences and can be disciplined by the Law School for a breach of a confidential relationship. Discipline may include dropping the student from the extern program with a failing grade. In order to insure that confidences are not breached, the student extern and the student’s supervisor must sign all activity reports submitted to the externship coordinator.

Final Paper and Placement Evaluations
The judicial extern experience is enhanced by student's self-reflection on his or her learning. To encourage self-reflection and to provide focus to the educational experience, students in the Judicial Extern Program are required to submit a paper to the Externship Coordinator, copied to their judicial extern supervisor, which describes in detail one or more aspects of their learning experience. The paper should focus, in depth, on insights into the judicial-making process or the student's own skill or knowledge development in the context of his or her learning experience.

The paper is due no later than one week after the last day of required office hours. There is no specific length limitation, but it is expected that most papers will range from seven to ten pages.

Course Credit and Grading
Law students receive three law school credit hours for their work in the Judicial Extern Program. The course is graded credit/non-credit, C-, D+, D, D-, or F. Whether credit is to be given is determined by the Director of the Clinical Law Programs, based on the activity reports, the final paper, and a final evaluation from the supervising judge or justice. A failure of the student to submit timely activity reports or the final paper, will result in the reduction of the grade or a denial of credit.

Final Evaluation by the Supervising Judge or Justice
At the end of each semester, the supervising judge or justice must submit a final evaluation of the student's work to the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. The final evaluation is done on a form supplied by the Clinic. The Extern Program Coordinator shortly before the completion of the semester will provide a copy of this form to the supervising judge or justice.

Conclusion
This description of the Judicial Extern Program is designed to anticipate common questions students and designated supervisors may have about the extern program. If questions or problems arise during the semester, do not hesitate to call the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs.

If a student falls significantly behind in meeting the requirements of the course, it is important that the student and the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs be informed immediately. This helps prevent misunderstandings, which may arise after the semester is concluded.

The School of Law believes that placing students in a judicial environment is a significant and valuable part of the educational program. We welcome suggestions for improvement from anyone interested in the program.

Law Office Externship

Law Program Externship

Prerequisite: Completion of first year curriculum.

Law Office Externs are law students who are placed under the supervision of a practicing lawyer to obtain knowledge and experience in the practice of law. While working with their supervising attorney, students have the opportunity to gain valuable practical skills in a real world setting. The Law Office Extern program is intended to supplement and complement the knowledge and experience students receive in the Law Practice Clinic and in their other law school courses. In the extern program, students have the opportunity, under the close supervision of a licensed attorney, to confront actual legal problems and to analyze and explore the various roles that lawyers or legal institutions play. In their placements, students have the opportunity to interview and counsel clients, negotiate with lawyers and others, make presentations in court, draft legal documents, interview witnesses, and generally to perform and learn the various tasks and skills necessary to help a particular client resolve his or her legal problems.

The lawyer supervisor with whom a student is placed is expected, to the extent possible given the lawyer's and student's special circumstances, to provide students with training in lawyering skills, such as, client interviewing, counseling, negotiation, legal drafting, case evaluation and planning, case management, time and office management, argumentation, and applied legal research. Students are expected to master a significant body of substantive and procedural law relative to the legal problems that they confront. Finally, but not of least importance, students should be exposed to the professional responsibilities of a lawyer. Whenever ethical issues arise, the supervising lawyer is expected to explore these issues in depth with the student.

Law office extern placements are most successful when students are given as much professional responsibility for decision-making and interaction with the clients as possible and when the lawyer's supervision is active and close, but not so directive as to interfere with the student's ability to exercise personal professional responsibility. The supervising lawyer should be involved in every aspect of the student's work. The lawyer should be prepared to provide constructive critiques, encourage growth and development, and, if necessary, protect clients and the public from the mistakes that can be made by student lawyers. The lawyer's supervision comes before, during, and after the student works on a problem. For example, if a case is to be negotiated by the student, the student presents a negotiation plan to the supervising lawyer before the negotiation, which is then followed by a post-negotiation review and critique, by the lawyer.

Research and drafting of legal memoranda are important lawyer tasks and should be required, as these skills are important to the competent handling of legal matters. Legal research is, however, not the exclusive skill of legal problem solving. In clinical placements, it is important not to let legal research become the exclusive or predominant task assigned to the student. In the clinical placement, students should be introduced to a broad range of clinical skills.

Supervision Under Rules Governing Student Practice
Students enrolled in the Law Office Extern Program are governed by N.M.R. Civ. Pro. 1-094 and Rule 83.11 of the Local Rules for the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico. Students are required to conduct themselves at all times within the spirit and meaning of the Rules of Professional Conduct. Supervising lawyers must be sure that students understand and follow these rules.

Under these rules, students are granted the privilege to practice law while under the supervision of a properly licensed attorney designated by the Dean of the Law School and while the student is currently enrolled in the Law School clinical program. A lawyer other than the lawyer designated by the Law School as the student's supervisor is permitted to supervise the student only with the prior permission of the Law School.

N.M.R. Civ. Pro. 1-094 provides:

1-094. Clinical Education.

A. Purpose. To permit a clinical program for the University of New Mexico School of Law.
B. Procedure. Any law student admitted to the clinical program at the University of New Mexico School of Law shall be authorized under the control and direction of the Dean of the Law School to advise persons and to negotiate and to appear before the courts and administrative agencies of this State, in civil and criminal matters, under the active supervision of a member of the State Bar of New Mexico designated by the Dean of the Law School. Such supervision shall include assignment of all matters, review and examination of all documents, and signing of all pleadings prepared by the student. The supervising lawyer need not be present while a student is advising a client or negotiating, but shall be present during court appearances. Each student in the program may appear in a given court with the written approval of the judge presiding over the case and shall file in the court a copy of the order granting approval. The Law School shall report annually to the Supreme Court.
C. Eligible Students. Any full-time student in good academic standing in the University of New Mexico School of Law who has received a passing grade in Law School courses, and have completed their first full year of twenty nine (29) or more semester hours (or their equivalent), but who has not graduated, shall be eligible to participate in a clinical program if he/she meets the academic and moral standards established by the Dean of the School of Law.
D. Effective Date. This Rule shall be effective after May 15, 1970. [As amended, effective May 1, 1986; January 1, 1995; November 24, 1997].

D.N.M.LR-Cv 83.11 provides:

83.11 Clinical Law Student Practice. Any law student admitted to the clinical program at the University of New Mexico School of Law shall be authorized under the control and direction of the Dean of the Law School to advise persons and to negotiate and to appear before this Court in civil and criminal matters under the active supervision of a member of the bar of the United States District Court for the District of New Mexico, designated by the dean of the University of New Mexico School of Law. Such supervision shall include assignment of all matters, review and examination of all documents and signing of all pleadings prepared by the student. Before a student appears in court, an order authorizing the student's appearance shall be of record. A sample order is located in NM Rules Annotated 4-821.
Effective Date. July 27, 1992.

Students and supervising lawyers participating in the program are responsible for insuring that the supervisory requirements of these Rules are followed. These Rules require the supervising attorney to be present during all court appearances and require the written permission of the judge presiding over the case. A form order to present to the judge presiding over the case, which grants permission to the student to appear, is available in the Clinic at the Law School.

The Law School requires law students enrolled in clinical courses to fully disclose to all persons with whom they deal that they are clinical law students and not licensed attorneys. No client should be represented by a law student without the prior consent of the client and of the supervising attorney.

Note: The District Attorney’s office has a policy regarding criminal background for law students interested in enrolling in a clinical program with the District Attorney’s office as follows:

a. Students must not have incurred any criminal charges of any kind (except traffic tickets) in any jurisdiction as an adult.
b. The District Attorney's Office may, on a case-by-case basis, allow very limited exceptions to the policy stated above for extremely minor offenses or highly unusual circumstances.
c. The District Attorney reserves the right to exclude students from participation in the clinical law program for any other reasons deemed sufficient by the District Attorney and in the best interest of the Office.

The District Attorney’s Office will conduct a background check for a criminal record before issuing your identification.

Malpractice Insurance, Clinical Practice Cards & Externship Completion Date
All students enrolled in the Law Office Extern Program are required to purchase malpractice insurance through the Clinical Law Program. The cost of the malpractice insurance is negotiated annually and students will be notified as soon as it is determined. Supervising lawyers in the extern program are not covered by the insurance. If supervising lawyers have questions about the effect of having a clinical student in their office, they should check with their insurance carrier.

Only qualified students currently enrolled in the Clinical Law Program at the University of New Mexico School of Law are permitted to practice law under Rule 1-094 or D.N.M.LR-Cv 83.11. To insure that the Law School can make an accurate accounting of enrolled students to the New Mexico Supreme Court, students enrolled must sign for a student practice card, which is issued at the beginning of each semester. The practice card may be presented to anyone who asks for practice authorization. Each practice card contains an expiration date and students are not permitted to practice beyond that date. If a student has not completed his or her work in an extern placement by the expiration date, the Director of the Clinical Law Program will determine if arrangements for an incomplete or an extension of time are permissible.

Placements
Placements are made with practicing lawyers in the State of New Mexico. The lawyer may be in private practice or working with a public agency, such as, the District Attorney's Office, the Public Defender's Office, or the Legal Aid Society.

All placements are made by the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs and lawyers are permitted to request placements, but no placement is final until approved by the Law School. Placements are made to promote the student's overall educational program and goals. No student may be placed under the supervision of a relative.

A student is not permitted to repeat a law office externship without the written consent of the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. A student may petition the Associate Dean for permission to repeat a law office externship based on a showing of substantial educational value.

Compensation
Students are not permitted to be paid for the hours they work in the Law Office Extern Program. Students receive three credit hours for successfully completing a law office externship. The credit hours earned in the externship count toward the hours required to graduate from Law School, but they do not count toward the Law School clinical course requirement of six credit hours earned in an "in house" clinical course.

If funding is available, students may be compensated for extraordinary travel or living expenses while traveling for their extern placement. If a student works extra hours over and above those required for extern credit, and the law student has arranged in advance to be paid for these hours, pay is permitted. Pay in this circumstance must be the prior written approval of the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. The student must keep carefully written records of all time worked for pay and for Law School credit to substantiate the fact that pay is not being accepted for time allotted to the clinical extern requirement.

Clinical Enrollment and Law School Registration
Students must enroll for the Law Office Extern Program during the sign up period designated by the Director of the Clinical Law Program. Placements with a specific lawyer will be finalized during the first two weeks of the semester. The Law Clinic regularly receives inquiries regarding possible placements with law firms, government agencies, and the courts. Students desiring assistance in securing a placement or discussing a particular placement should speak to the Externship Coordinator or the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs.

The enrollment for the Law Office Extern Program does not constitute registration for the course with the University of New Mexico Registrar's Office. Registration and tuition payments are handled on main campus in the same manner as for all Law School courses. Questions regarding registration and tuition should be directed to the Law School Registrar.

Office Hours and Class
During the Fall or Spring semesters, students are required to work twelve (12) hours each week, for fourteen (14) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 168 hours to earn 3 credits. Students are required to work eight (8) hours each week, for fourteen (14) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 112 hours to earn 2 credits.

In the Summer semester, students work sixteen (16) hours each week, for ten (10) weeks in their extern placement, for a total of 160 hours to earn 3 credits. Students are required to work a total of 104 hours in their extern placement to earn 2 credits.

A set schedule of office hours must be arranged with a student's assigned lawyer during the first week of the semester. The hours are to be set during the lawyer's usual office working hours. A copy of the schedule is delivered to the lawyer and to the Director of the Clinical Law Program.

The actual hours worked by the student should generally conform to the scheduled office hours. With the permission of the supervising lawyer, some flexibility is allowed to accommodate special circumstances, such as, illness or opportunity to engage in a particularly exciting educational experience outside of the regularly scheduled hours. A student is not allowed to accumulate hours for the purpose of working fewer weeks. Exposure to the law office extern experience over the course of a full semester is an essential component of the overall educational program.

During the fall and spring semester, the beginning and the end of the office hour’s period will run a total length of fourteen weeks. Students are required to maintain the assigned office hours beginning in the second week of the semester. Office hours are to be kept until the last day of classes at the Law School.

During the summer semester, the beginning and the end of the office hour’s period will run a total length of ten weeks. Students are required to maintain the assigned office hours beginning the first week of the semester. Office hours are to be kept until the last day of classes at the Law School.

If a student fails to keep office hours as required, the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs must be informed immediately by the supervising lawyer and the student. Any change in office hours or in completion of the externship program should be coordinated with the supervising attorney and the Externship Coordinator.

The Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs will arrange class sessions to be held during the semester. Please check the Clinic web calendar for days, times and room assignment. Attendance of the classes is mandatory, and the hours spent in these classes count as part of the weekly office hour’s requirement.

Withdrawing From the Externship Program
Students are not permitted to withdraw from the Law Office Extern Program after the third week of the semester without the permission of the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. This requirement is to prevent possible harm to clients' cases or to the working environment of a lawyer's office. Students desiring to withdraw from this course should first speak to their supervising attorney. Please confirm your intention to withdraw in writing with your supervising attorney and provide a copy to the externship coordinator.

Activity Reports and Confidentiality
Every two weeks, students must submit activity reports to the Externship Coordinator. These reports account for the manner in which a student is spending his or her time in the extern placement. The reports must be sufficiently detailed to present a clear description of what activities the student has been pursuing and what the student is learning. The reports must contain the date of the student activity, a description of the activity, and the total amount of time expended on each day's activities. It is essential to the Law Office Extern Program that the supervising lawyer and the clients feel free to communicate with the law student extern. Confidentiality of these communications must be assured. Students are strictly cautioned against breaching confidences and can be disciplined by the Law School for a breach of a confidential relationship. Discipline may include dropping the student from the extern course with a failing grade. In order to insure that confidences are not breached, the student extern and the student’s supervisor must sign all activity reports submitted to the externship coordinator.

Final Paper and Placement Evaluations
The law office extern experience is enhanced by the student's self-reflection on his or her learning. To encourage self-reflection and to provide focus to the educational experience, students in the Law Office Extern Program are required to submit a paper to the Externship Coordinator, copied to their law office extern supervisor, which describes in detail one or more aspects of their learning experience. The paper should focus, in depth, on insights into lawyering skills or professional responsibility and the student's own skill or knowledge development in the context of his or her learning experience.

The paper is due no later than one week after the last day of required office hours. There is no specific length limitation, but it is expected that most papers will range from seven to ten pages.

Course Credit and Grading
Law students receive three Law School credit hours for their work in the Law Office Extern Program. The course is graded credit/non-credit; C-, D+, D, D-, or F. Whether credit is to be given is determined by the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs, based on the activity reports, the final paper, and a final evaluation from the supervising lawyer. A failure of the student to submit timely activity reports or the final paper will result in the reduction of the grade or a denial of credit.

Final Evaluation by Supervising Attorney
At the end of the semester, the supervising lawyer must submit a final evaluation of the student's work to the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs. The final evaluation is done on a form supplied by the extern program coordinator. The extern program coordinator shortly before the completion of the semester will provide a copy of this form to the supervising attorney.

Conclusion
This description of the Law Office Extern Program is designed to anticipate common questions students and supervisors may have about the extern program. If questions or problems arise during the semester, do not hesitate to call the externship coordinator or the Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs.

If a student falls significantly behind in meeting the requirements of the course, it is important that the student and Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs be informed immediately. This helps to prevent misunderstandings, which may arise after the semester is concluded.

The School of Law believes that placing the students in a law office environment is a significant and valuable part of the educational program. We welcome suggestions for improvement from anyone interested in the program.

Law Practice Clinic

Law Practice Clinic

Pre-requisite: Completion of first year curriculum, Pre-or-co-requisite: Ethics

Summer 2013--Prof. Steven Homer
Fall 2013--Prof. April Land
Spring 2014--Prof. Aliza Organick

The Law Practice Clinic will emphasize the development of professional skills and values by assigning students to represent clients in a variety of both civil and criminal cases.  In their casework, students will be individually and closely supervised in their representation of low-income clients.  Each student will be assigned a mix of cases typical of a general law practice in New Mexico with some opportunity for a more specialized type of practice taking into account each student's preferences and career plans, available faculty resources and client and community needs.  Among other practice areas, case matters may involve juvenile delinquency defense, family law, criminal misdemeanor defense, landlord/tenant, contract disputes, wills and immigration.  The Fall 2013 and Spring 2014 semesters will provide more focus in the area of juvenile delinquency and criminal defense.  The emphasis on student casework is to give law students direct experience with live clients and real cases and to provide close individual and collaborative faculty supervision.  In addition to providing real world experience, students are encouraged to develop and explore the professional dimensions of client-oriented problem solving.  Students are expected to develop and assume full professional responsibility for competent, professional and ethical decision-making in helping their clients solve their legal problems.

The classroom component seeks to help prepare students to represent his or her clients competently, to promote professionalism in dealing with clients, lawyers, staff and others; and to provide experience in individual and collaborative problem solving.  Classroom sessions include discussion of pending clinic cases and assigned readings; role-play and simulation; and collaborative planning and evaluation.  The classroom component typically addresses such skills and topics as:  client interviewing and counseling, case evaluation, legal research, fact investigation, drafting documents and correspondence, motion practice, discovery, negotiation, alternative dispute resolution, procedure, case management, law office management, the use of computer technology in the law office, and professional responsibility and ethics.

Students will be required (1) to attend and actively participate in up to five classroom sessions (ten during summer’s first three weeks) during each week of the academic semester and (2) to maintain, in addition to classroom hours, a schedule of 24 (2-hours block) fixed office hours (physically present in the clinic, working on clinic matters) each week during Summer, or 16 (2-hours block) fixed office hours each week during Fall and Spring semesters.

Students having any questions about this clinic are encouraged to visit with Profs. Homer, Land, or Organick.

Mexican Externship Program

Mexican Externship Program

Externships will be offered to twenty students participating in the four-week course component. These two-week externships allow students to observe the practice of law in Mexico under direct supervision of a Mexican judge, attorney or notary. Externs receive two credits.

NAFTA and Trade in the Americas

NAFTA and Trade in the Americas

This course introduces students to the substantive legal, procedural and institutional aspects of NAFTA. Students will develop tools for transnational practice by analyzing the myriad of legal issues involved in the trade of goods and services, including investment and intellectual property protection among the countries of Canada, Mexico and the U.S. Special attention will be given to methods of resolving disputes under NAFTA, and to the controversies of environmental and labor law enforcement under the NAFTA Side Agreements. Prospects for future integrations, such as the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), CAFTA, and others, will be examined.

Women in the Law

Women in the Law

This course will focus on women in the law with a particular focus on women in the law in New Mexico. Over half of the course will focus on legal issues particularly affecting women such as domestic violence, employment discrimination, sexual harassment, the international Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, state equal rights amendments, reproductive rights and justice. The second part of the course will examine women's achievements and accomplishments in the legal profession.

Book

Family Law in New Mexico (with Barbara Shapiro 2009).

Books edited

Series Editor, Latino Communities: Emerging Voices—Political, Social, Cultural and Legal Issues (Routledge).

Latinos in the United States: History, Law and Perspective (edited anthology with Introduction) (1995 Garland Publishing).

Volume I, HISTORICAL THEMES AND IDENTITY: MESTIZAJE AND LABELS.

Volume II, LATINA ISSUES: FRAGMENTS OF HISTORIA (ELLA) (HERSTORY)
(paperback edition 1999).

Volume III, CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND LATINO COMMUNITIES.

Volume IV, LATINO EMPLOYMENT, LABOR ORGANIZATION AND IMMIGRATION.

Volume V, LATINO LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION: COMMUNICATION AND A DREAM DEFERRED.

Volume VI, LATINO LAND GRANTS, HOUSING AND POLITICAL POWER.

Articles, Essays, Book Chapters and Reviews

A Medical/Legal Teaching and Assessment Collaboration on Domestic Violence: Assessment Using Standardized Patients/Standardized Clients, 14 Int'l J. Clinical L. Ed. 61 (2009).
Available at SSRN

Making and Breaking Habits: Teaching (and Learning) Cultural Context, Self-Awareness, and Intercultural Communication Through Case Supervision in a Client-Service Legal Clinic, 28 Wash. U.J.L. & Pol'y 37 (2008).
Available at: SSRN

Leading Change in Legal Education - Educating Lawyers and Best Practices: Good News for Diversity, 31 Seattle U.L. Rev. 775 (2008).
Available at: SSRN

Culturally Effective Legal Interviewing and Counseling for the Mexican Immigrant - A Case Study, The Voice: The Journal of the Battered Women's Movement (Fall, 2008): 14-15.

Abstract, Cameron Crandall, Antoinette Sedillo Lopez, Steve McLaughlin, Diane Rimple, Gabriel Campos, Teresita McCarty, Assessment of a Cross-Disciplinary Domestic Violence Training for Emergency Medicine Residents and Law Students, 15 Academic Emergency Medicine S225 (2008).

Latinas in Legal Education- Through the Doors of Opportunity: Assimilation, Marginalization, Cooptation or Transformation? 13 Am U.J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 109 (2005).
Available at: SSRN

Bioterrorism at the Movies: Legal Issues in the Movie "Outbreak", BTR 2003 Unified
Science And Technology For Reducing Biological Threats & Countering Terrorism
191 (2003).

Teaching a Professional Responsibility Course: Lessons Learned from the Clinic, 26 J. Legal Profession 149 (2002).

Ethnocentrism and Feminism: Using a Contextual Methodology in International Women's Rights Advocacy and Education, 28 SOUTHERN L. REV. 279 (2001).

Learning Through Service in a Clinical Setting: The Effect of Specialization on Social Justice & Skills Training, 7 Clinical L. Rev. 307 (2001).

Latin American and Caribbean Women: Health Care; Education, contributions to the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women's Studies (2001).

Law on the Internet: Unauthorized Practice or Public Access? in Law & Technology,
Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference Law and Technology Lawtech
, M.H. Hamza, Editor (International Association of Science and Technology for Development 2000) (with Marsha Baum).

Evolving Indigenous Law: Navajo Marriage: Cultural Traditions and Modern Challenges, 17 Ariz. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 283 (2000).

Changing the Way Lawyers Practice: Child Kidnapping and the Internet, paper presented at the International Conference on Law and Technology, August 9-12, 1999, Honolulu, Hawaii, published in the Conference Proceedings, International Association of Science Technology for Development p.116 and posted at: http://www.hiltonhouse.com/articles/Lopez_art.txt.

A Comparative Analysis of Women's Issues: Toward a Contextualized Approach, 10 Hastings W.L.J. 343 (1999), redacted version in Global Critical Race Feminism: International Reader (Adrien Wing editor, N.Y.U. Press 2000).

International Law - U.S./Mexico Cross-Border Child Abduction - The Need for Cooperation, 29 N.M. L. Rev. 289 (1999).

Tracking Kidnapped Children Over the 'Net, 21:4 Family Advocate 42 (1999).

Translating Legal Terms in Context, 17 (4) Legal Ref. Services Q. 105 (1999).

Two Legal Constructs of Motherhood: "Protective" Legislation in Mexico and the United States, 1 U.S.C. Review of Law & Women Studies 239 (1992) excerpt reprinted in NAFTA and Free Trade in the Americas (Folsom, Gordon & Gantz 2005).

Gender, Legal Education and Legal Careers, 41 J.L. Educ. 443 (1991) (with Teitelbaum & Jenkins).

Surrogates, Test Tube Babies, and Frozen Embryos: Searching for Solutions, 20 N.M.L. Rev. 701 (1990).

La Privacidad y la Regulacion de las Nuevas Tecnologias de La Reproducion: Un Plantamiento para tomar Deciciones, 37 Investigaciones Juridicos 442 (1990).

Privacy and the Regulation of the New Reproductive Technologies, 22 Family. L.Q. 173 (1988).

The 1987 Regulatory Takings Trio, 3 Nat. Resources Reporter. 45 (1988).

Educating Our Children "On Equal Terms": The Failure of the Dejure/Defacto Analysis in Desegregation Cases, 7 Chicano L. Rev. 1 (1984).

The Alter Ego Doctrine: Alternative Challenges to the Corporate Form, 30 UCLA L. Rev. 129 (1982).

Book Review

Book Review, Land Use 29 Natural Resources J. 312 (1988).

Non-Academic Writing, Poetry and Blog

Author, Best Practices for Legal Education Blog, http://bestpracticeslegaled.albanylawblogs.org/

Denial, 8 T.M. Cooley J. Prac & Clin. L. J. 27 (2006).

Constitutional Defense, Mirage (Summer 2002).

Surfing the Net for Our Roots, XXVII La Herencia, Winter 2000).

Contribution to Dear Daughters, Dear Sisters: Letters from Multicultural Women lawyers who have been there and done that (American Bar Association 2000).

Receta, XXIII LA Herencia 59 (Fall 1999).

Sisters' Stories, Not Him, and Teresita 2 (2) Voces: A Journal Of Chicana/ Latina Studies 44-49 (Summer 1999).

Albert E. Utton—An Extraordinary Life for a Kid from Aztec, 39 Nat. Resources. L.J. 10 (Jan. 1999).

Testimony, 7 American U.J. Gender & The Law 177 (1998).

Evolution, XIX La Herencia 22 (Fall 1998).

Family Secrets, V Circles: Buffalo Women’s Journal of Law & Social Policy 68 (1997).

On Privilege, 2 American. U. J. Gender & the Law 217 (1994).

Colonization, II Circles: A Journal of Law and Women Studies 42 (1993).