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Natural Resources and Environmental Law

Through the Natural Resources Program, the UNM School of Law strives to prepare students to be leaders who will participate in the key decisions that affect the environment, either as employees within various federal, state, tribal and local agencies who have regulatory authority over natural resources and the environment, or with the private entities and nonprofit organizations that appear before them.

Natural Resources and Environmental Law

About the Program

Responding to a Changing Environment

New Mexico has a stunning variety of natural features and scenic beauty. Its high mountain ranges are laced with streams that rush to the Rio Grande, which connects the state's northern traditional towns and villages to its Native American pueblos, central urban areas and finally to the vast Chihuahuan desert that borders Mexico. This is a place that is resource-rich, but ecologically fragile. As such, the environmental issues prevalent in New Mexico provide an ideal backdrop for the study of natural resources law and policy on a national scale. The state has 2 million acres governed by Native American tribes, 36 million acres of public land, centuries-old acequia systems and Spanish land grants.

For many years, extractive natural resources, such as timber, hard rock minerals, coal and oil and gas were a major focus in the state, along with the management of scarce water resources. With the growing range of the environmental agenda and the increasing urbanization of the New West, natural resources and environmental lawyers now address a host of other concerns, including communities impacted by environmental burdens, water quality, wildlife protection, sustainable land development, renewable energy and climate change.

Unique Relationships

Under the guidance of a faculty active in natural resources and environmental law, students are exposed to a rich depth of issues arising from the unique relationships among the state’s 23 Indian tribes and governments of all levels. Tribes struggle, both internally and externally, with how to secure adequate water supplies, maintain their communities and develop their natural resources, such as oil, gas, coal and uranium. Both Native American and Hispanic communities continue to resolve land title and water right claims. A still different set of concerns is raised with nearly one-half of the state’s land in public hands and state and federal water agencies managing reservoirs and river flows. Through the Natural Resources Program, the UNM School of Law strives to prepare students to be leaders who will participate in the key decisions that affect the environment, either as employees within various federal, state, tribal and local agencies who have regulatory authority over natural resources and the environment, or with the private entities and nonprofit organizations that appear before them.

Dual Degree

Students can earn a dual graduate degree in law and water resources. Through the university’s water resources program, they can complete an interdisciplinary master’s degree in either the hydro science or policy/management aspect of water resources and combine it with their legal studies. For more information on the option, contact the Director of the Water Resources Program at 505-277-7759.

Some students combine Indian law and natural resources, earning certificates in each specialty.

Opportunities for Students

Jemez Mountains
Tent Rocks Cliff View
Studens hiking the canyon in Tent Rocks

In the Classroom

A diverse array of relevant courses, taught by dedicated professors with years of experience in the field. As well as a certificate in Natural Resources and Environmental Law, awarded to graduating students who have taken certain courses and met other requirements.

Publishing

The Natural Resources Journal, a student-run publication that is the oldest U.S. law review in the field of natural resources and environmental law.

Externships

Externships that allow students to gain hands-on experience in this area of law by working for state or federal agencies, nonprofit groups, or even judges.

Student Community

The Environmental Law Society, an active student organization that offers a variety of events and activities for students interested in the field.

Ready to connect with a world of opportunities?

Apply Now

If you would like to learn more about our Natural Resources and Environmental Law Program, please contact Professor Reed Benson.