Use & Permissions

NRJ is an open access legal journal which means all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution for educational purposes. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative definition of open access.

This NRJ has been open access since 2010, providing all articles for free with no embargo period. NRJ provides immediate open access with the goal of making legal research available to individuals as part of a global knowledge system.

Author Copyright & Use

Authors of articles published in NRJ remain the copyright holders of their work. Work published in NRJ must be original and previously unpublished, in whole or in part. Article drafts may be posted to open access repositories, such as SSRN.

Authors may distribute the final draft on personal web sites, and upload to platforms like SSRN and their University’s Institutional Digital Repository. NRJ supports author self-archiving of their work. Authors will attribute first publication to and properly identify the NRJ.

For All Commercial Reprint Requests

Permissions may be granted per request in writing to our office for permission to duplicate articles, in full or in part, in other publications. Please seek author approval for reprinting and specify if the reprint is for commercial or nonprofit purposes. Commercial requests can be submitted through RightsCentral Copyright Clearance Center (CCC). For any questions, please e-mail:


Readers may use NRJ articles in accordance of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial—NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC-BY-NC-ND). This license covers all educational uses of JOURNAL material, provided author and journal are properly identified. Readers must provide appropriate credit to the article and cannot remix the work nor use it for commercial purposes without expressed consent from the Author and Journal.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.